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**Harvard**

Andersson, C., Törnberg, A. och Törnberg, P. (2014) *Societal Systems - Complex or worse?*.

** BibTeX **

@article{

Andersson2014,

author={Andersson, Claes and Törnberg, Anton and Törnberg, Petter},

title={Societal Systems - Complex or worse?},

journal={Futures : The journal of policy, planning and futures studies},

issn={0016-3287},

volume={63},

pages={145-157},

abstract={The basic observation that we explore in this paper is simple but, we argue, rich in consequences: societal systems combine two qualities that are commonly referred to as complexity and complicatedness. We address the problem that societal systems remain recalcitrant despite the development of powerful approaches for dealing with both of these qualities. The root of this problem we identify to be that the combination between complexity and complicatedness is emergent; i.e. fundamentally and irreducibly different from either quality in isolation. This means that neither class of such approaches can be expected to work well on their own. But it also means that the obvious strategy of combining theory for complexity and complicatedness may be much more challenging than envisioned. In short, systems where complexity and complicatedness is mixed ought to be treated as a distinct class of systems. Noting a connection to what has long been called "wicked problems" we hereby outline such a class of systems that we call "wicked systems". We introduce a simple model and heuristic and discuss some implications for theorizing and modeling.},

year={2014},

keywords={complexity, complicatedness, wicked problems, wicked systems, models, theory},

}

** RefWorks **

RT Journal Article

SR Electronic

ID 200592

A1 Andersson, Claes

A1 Törnberg, Anton

A1 Törnberg, Petter

T1 Societal Systems - Complex or worse?

YR 2014

JF Futures : The journal of policy, planning and futures studies

SN 0016-3287

VO 63

SP 145

OP 157

AB The basic observation that we explore in this paper is simple but, we argue, rich in consequences: societal systems combine two qualities that are commonly referred to as complexity and complicatedness. We address the problem that societal systems remain recalcitrant despite the development of powerful approaches for dealing with both of these qualities. The root of this problem we identify to be that the combination between complexity and complicatedness is emergent; i.e. fundamentally and irreducibly different from either quality in isolation. This means that neither class of such approaches can be expected to work well on their own. But it also means that the obvious strategy of combining theory for complexity and complicatedness may be much more challenging than envisioned. In short, systems where complexity and complicatedness is mixed ought to be treated as a distinct class of systems. Noting a connection to what has long been called "wicked problems" we hereby outline such a class of systems that we call "wicked systems". We introduce a simple model and heuristic and discuss some implications for theorizing and modeling.

LA eng

DO 10.1016/j.futures.2014.07.003

LK http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2014.07.003

LK http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/records/fulltext/200592/local_200592.pdf

OL 30