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Strong connectivity of wireless sensor networks with double directional antennae in 3D

E. Kranakis ; F. MacQuarrie ; I.K. Travizani Maffra ; Oscar Morales-Ponce (Institutionen för data- och informationsteknik, Nätverk och system (Chalmers) )
Ad-hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Network (0302-9743). Vol. 7960 (2013), p. 257-268.
[Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat]

Using directional antennae in forming a wireless sensor network has many advantages over omnidirectional, including improved energy efficiency, reduced interference, increased security, and improved routing efficiency. We propose using double (Yagi) directional antennae in 3D space: for a given spherical angle such antennae transmit from their apex simultaneously directionally along two diametrically opposing cones in 3D. We study the resulting network formed by such directional sensors. We design a new algorithm to address strong connectivity of the resulting network and compare its hop-stretch factor with the three-dimensional omnidirectional model. We also obtain a lower bound on the minimum range required to ensure strong connectivity for sensors with double antennae. Further, we present simulation results comparing the diameter of a traditional sensor network using omnidirectional and one using directional antennae. © 2013 Springer-Verlag.

Nyckelord: Antennae , Diameter , Directional , Range , Sensor Network , Stretch Factor , Strong Connectivity , Yagi Antenna

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Denna post skapades 2014-05-25.
CPL Pubid: 198480


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