CPL - Chalmers Publication Library
| Utbildning | Forskning | Styrkeområden | Om Chalmers | In English In English Ej inloggad.

A transient in situ infrared spectroscopy study on methane oxidation over supported Pt catalysts

Sheedeh Fouladvand (Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK) ; Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi) ; Magnus Skoglundh (Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK) ; Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi) ; Per-Anders Carlsson (Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK) ; Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi)
Catalysis Science & Technology (2044-4753). Vol. 4 (2014), 10, p. 3463-3473.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Catalysts with platinum dispersed on alumina, ceria and mixed alumina-ceria have been prepared by incipient wetness impreg- nation, characterized with transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction, and evaluated for total oxidation of methane under both stationary and transient gas compositions (oxygen pulsing). Further, in situ diffuse reflectance Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy has been used to monitor the evolution of surface species during precise transient gas composition changes using high-speed gas switching valves. The results show that platinum interacts sufficiently strong with all the supports so as to form small platinum particles. The smallest sizes are observed for the Pt/Ce sample. The alumina con- taining samples show, in contrast to the Pt/Ce sample, a decreased methane conversion with the increasing oxygen concentration and a clear kinetic bistability between increasing and decreasing oxygen concentrations. The bistable kinetics is likely connected to oxidation and reduction of platinum occurring at different stoichiometric gas mixtures depending on the history of the system, for which an oxidation of the platinum particles effectively inhibits the dissociative adsorption of methane leading to low reaction rate. It is shown for the alumina containing samples that the adverse effects of oxygen excess can be circumvented by the use of periodic operation so that the the average methane conversion is improved. Further, Pt/Ce seems to exhibit additional active sites at the platinum-ceria interface explaining the generally higher conversion of methane for this sample.



Den här publikationen ingår i följande styrkeområden:

Läs mer om Chalmers styrkeområden  

Denna post skapades 2014-05-09. Senast ändrad 2014-10-27.
CPL Pubid: 197754

 

Läs direkt!

Lokal fulltext (fritt tillgänglig)

Länk till annan sajt (kan kräva inloggning)


Institutioner (Chalmers)

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)
Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi (2005-2014)

Ämnesområden

Energi
Materialvetenskap
Nanovetenskap och nanoteknik
Transport
Hållbar utveckling
Kinetik
Spektroskopi
Materialkemi
Katalys

Chalmers infrastruktur