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Exploring the Function and Use of Common Spaces in Assisted Living for Older Persons

Morgan Andersson (Institutionen för arkitektur) ; Nina Ryd (Institutionen för arkitektur) ; Inga Malmqvist (Institutionen för arkitektur)
Health Environments Research & Design Journal (1937-5867). Vol. 7 (2014), 3, p. 98-119.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study examines the function and use of common spaces in assisted living facilities (ALFs) from the residential and workplace perspectives.

BACKGROUND: The impact of the physical environment on human activities in healthcare settings has been emphasized in many studies. Few studies, however, have explored the daily use of common spaces and the impact on the usability of ALFs.

METHODS: Four explorative methods–observation, group interviews, individual interviews, and questionnaires—were used to investigate 14 ALFs in Sweden. The study involves residents, staff, relatives, architects, and people responsible for planning and construction of eldercare. This research strategy combines quantitative and qualitative methods to enhance the validity of the results. Method triangulation and data triangulation were used and the data were analyzed using Qualitative Content Analysis (QCA).

RESULTS: The results show that residents and staff have different objectives for use and these differences affect usability, although explicit conflicts are rare. The residents, staff, and other stakeholders have different views about the demarcation of home and workplace and the role of common spaces as venues for social interaction.

CONCLUSIONS: Both the residential and the workplace perspective must be considered when planning assisted living facilities. Otherwise, inherent conflicts between these perspectives will manifest as a result of the physical design. Common spaces have diverse functions that are reflected in their spatial organization. Therefore, ALFs should be designed so the intended function of a specific space is apparent to all users.

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Denna post skapades 2014-04-28. Senast ändrad 2017-11-29.
CPL Pubid: 197233


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