### Skapa referens, olika format (klipp och klistra)

**Harvard**

Sihver, L., Sato, T., Niita, K., Matsuda, N., Iwamoto, Y., Hashimoto, S., Iwase, H., Nakashima, H. och Chiba, S. (2013) *PHITS - Applications to radiation biology and radiotherapy*.

** BibTeX **

@conference{

Sihver2013,

author={Sihver, Lembit and Sato, T. and Niita, K. and Matsuda, N. and Iwamoto, Y. and Hashimoto, S. and Iwase, H. and Nakashima, H. and Chiba, S.},

title={PHITS - Applications to radiation biology and radiotherapy},

booktitle={13th International Varenna Conference on Nuclear Reaction Mechanisms, NRM 2012},

isbn={978-929083382-6},

pages={497-502},

abstract={PHITS is a 3-dimensional general-purpose Monte Carlo code, which can transport of all varieties of hadrons and heavy ions with energies up to around 100 GeV/nucleon. To be able to estimate the biological damage from neutrons with PUTTS, a feature has been included to treat low energy neutron collisions as "events" which means that the energy and momentum is conserved in each event and makes it possible to extract the kinetic energy distributions of all the residual nuclei without using any local approximation. To estimate the direct biological effects of radiation, mathematical functions, for calculating the microdosmetric probability densities in macroscopic material, have been incorporated in PUTTS. This makes it possible to instantaneously calculate the probability densities of lineal and specific energies around the trajectories of high energetic charged particle tracks. A method for estimating the biological dose has also been established by using the improved PUTTS coupled to a microdosimetric kinetic model.},

year={2013},

}

** RefWorks **

RT Conference Proceedings

SR Electronic

ID 196881

A1 Sihver, Lembit

A1 Sato, T.

A1 Niita, K.

A1 Matsuda, N.

A1 Iwamoto, Y.

A1 Hashimoto, S.

A1 Iwase, H.

A1 Nakashima, H.

A1 Chiba, S.

T1 PHITS - Applications to radiation biology and radiotherapy

YR 2013

T2 13th International Varenna Conference on Nuclear Reaction Mechanisms, NRM 2012

SN 978-929083382-6

SP 497

OP 502

AB PHITS is a 3-dimensional general-purpose Monte Carlo code, which can transport of all varieties of hadrons and heavy ions with energies up to around 100 GeV/nucleon. To be able to estimate the biological damage from neutrons with PUTTS, a feature has been included to treat low energy neutron collisions as "events" which means that the energy and momentum is conserved in each event and makes it possible to extract the kinetic energy distributions of all the residual nuclei without using any local approximation. To estimate the direct biological effects of radiation, mathematical functions, for calculating the microdosmetric probability densities in macroscopic material, have been incorporated in PUTTS. This makes it possible to instantaneously calculate the probability densities of lineal and specific energies around the trajectories of high energetic charged particle tracks. A method for estimating the biological dose has also been established by using the improved PUTTS coupled to a microdosimetric kinetic model.

LA eng

LK http://cds.cern.ch/record/1537390?ln=sv

LK http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/records/fulltext/196881/local_196881.pdf

OL 30