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Policy implications for improved cook stove programs-A case study of the importance of village fuel use variations

Niklas Vahlne (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik) ; Erik Ahlgren (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik)
Energy Policy (0301-4215). Vol. 66 (2014), p. 484-495.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Despite the long history of cook stove programs, very few have been successful, often only in areas where biomass is purchased or there is a biomass shortage. Several studies have described how rural households generally rely on several different fuels; which fuels are used may depend on various household characteristics such as location and income. This article explores possible consequences of variations in fuel usage for improved cook stove programs and how this may vary between different areas. Reductions of CO2 equivalent emissions and monetary savings are calculated for hypothetical cook stove deployment using data from a rural energy survey in the Vinh Phdc province of northern Vietnam. The results indicate that the areas may respond differently to the various stove options, both in terms of economy and emission reductions. Furthermore, there are large differences in emission reduction calculations when only Kyoto-gases are included and when non-Kyoto greenhouse agents are added. Assumptions regarding household behavior and stove efficiencies have large impacts on the results, indicating a need for further research on how improved cook stoves may influence households' fuel choices.

Nyckelord: ICS, Households, Modeling



Denna post skapades 2014-04-16. Senast ändrad 2015-04-13.
CPL Pubid: 196806

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik (2005-2017)

Ämnesområden

Naturresursteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur

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Denna publikation ingår i:


Fuel choice, fuel switching and improved cook stoves in Vietnamese households: Analysis, models and proposals for new solutions


 


Projekt

Denna publikation är ett resultat av följande projekt:


Policy Options to engage Emerging Asian economies in a post-Kyoto regime (POEM) (EC/FP7/226282)