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Quantification of Goods Purchases and Waste Generation at the Level of Individual Households

Robin Harder (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk miljövetenskap) ; Yuliya Kalmykova (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik) ; Greg Morrison (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik) ; Fen Feng ; Mikael Mangold (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik) ; Lisa Dahlén
Journal of Industrial Ecology (1088-1980). Vol. 18 (2014), 2, p. 227-241.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Quantifying differences in resource use and waste generation between individual households and exploring the reasons for the variations observed implies the need for disaggregated data on household activities and related physical flows. The collection of disaggregated data for water use, gas use, electricity use, and mobility has been reported in the literature and is normally achieved through sensors and computational algorithms. This study focuses on collecting disaggregated data for goods consumption and related waste generation at the level of individual households. To this end, two data collection approaches were devised and evaluated: (1) triangulating shopping receipt analysis and waste component analysis and (2) tracking goods consumption and waste generation using a smartphone. A case study on two households demonstrated that it is possible to collect quantitative data on goods consumption and related waste generation on a per unit basis for individual households. The study suggested that the type of data collected can be relevant in a number of different research contexts: eco-feedback; user-centered research; living-lab research; and life cycle impacts of household consumption. The approaches presented in this study are most applicable in the context of user-centered or living-lab research. For the other contexts, alternative data sources (e.g., retailers and producers) may be better suited to data collection on larger samples, though at a lesser level of detail, compared with the two data collection approaches devised and evaluated in this study.

Nyckelord: case study, disaggregation, goods purchases, household metabolism, industrial ecology, waste generation



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Denna post skapades 2014-02-26. Senast ändrad 2016-01-18.
CPL Pubid: 194169

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk miljövetenskap (2005-2014)
Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik

Ämnesområden

Building Futures
Hållbar utveckling
Miljöanalys och bygginformationsteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur