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The impact of iridium on the stability of platinum on carbon thin-film model electrodes

M. Wesselmark ; Björn Wickman (Institutionen för teknisk fysik, Kemisk fysik ; Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)) ; C. Lagergren ; G. Lindbergh
Electrochimica Acta (0013-4686). Vol. 111 (2013), p. 152-159.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Increasing the stability and lifetime of the electrodes is one of the most important factors in order to realise a large scale use of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). By using well-defined thin-film model electrodes, the stability of Pt and Pt on Ir were examined as cathode catalysts in a single cell PEMFC setup. The electrodes were fabricated by evaporating thin layers of Pt and Pt on Ir onto the microporous layer of a gas diffusion layer. The amount of Pt deposited was equivalent to 3 nm (about 6.3 mu g cm(-2)) and the amount of Ir was varied between 1.5 nm and 20 nm (between 3.4 mu g cm(-2) and 45.3 mu g cm(-2)). All samples with Ir showed an increased stability over samples with sole Pt during cyclic corrosion test between 0.6V and 1.2V vs. the reversible hydrogen electrode. For thin layers of Ir, the initial activity for the oxygen reduction reaction was equal to or superior to that of sole Pt but for thicker Ir films it was somewhat lower. Hydrogen underpotential deposition and CO stripping were used to estimate the electrochemical surface area during the experiments and physical characterisation using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to determine the structure of the samples. The results suggest that Ir can stabilise Pt in the cathode electrode. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Nyckelord: Fuel cell, PEMFC, Oxygen reduction, Iridium oxide, Platinum, PT4ZRO2/C CATHODE CATALYST, OXYGEN REDUCTION REACTION, H3PO4 DOPED PBI, FUEL-CELL, ELECTROCATALYTIC ACTIVITY, IMPROVED DURABILITY, SUPPORT, MATERIALS, OXIDE, PEMFC, NANOPARTICLES



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Denna post skapades 2014-02-06. Senast ändrad 2015-01-27.
CPL Pubid: 193556

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för teknisk fysik, Kemisk fysik (1900-2015)
Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Ämnesområden

Energi
Materialvetenskap
Nanovetenskap och nanoteknik
Hållbar utveckling
Analytisk kemi

Chalmers infrastruktur

NFL/Myfab (Nanofabrication Laboratory)