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New information on the characteristics of 1 in. x 1 in. cerium bromide scintillation detectors

Robert Billnert (Institutionen för fundamental fysik, Subatomär fysik) ; S. Oberstedt ; E. Andreotti ; M. Hult ; G. Marissens ; Andreas Oberstedt (Institutionen för fundamental fysik, Subatomär fysik)
Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section a-Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment (0168-9002). Vol. 647 (2011), 1, p. 94-99.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

In view of highly demanded new and accurate data on prompt gamma-ray emission in nuclear fission a major part of investigations is directed towards the selection of suitable detector systems. Here we have studied a new type of crystal scintillation detectors made from cerium bromide (CeBr(3)). For the first time a full characterization of such a detector is presented in terms of energy resolution, pulse-height linearity, intrinsic activity and intrinsic timing resolution. In particular the latter one is very important for prompt fission gamma-ray studies, because the presence of fast neutrons, emitted in fission too, requires the time-of-flight method for their discrimination. The energy resolution has been found to be comparable to that of cerium-doped LaCl(3):Ce detectors at an efficiency comparable to the one of a LaBr(3):Ce detector of the same size. The intrinsic activity of the CeBr(3) crystal was observed to be much lower compared to lanthanum halide crystals. The intrinsic timing resolution of a coaxial 1 in. x 1 in. sized detector was measured relative to that of a previously characterized LaCl(3):Ce detector and found to be (326 +/- 7) Ps at (60)Co energies, which is in between those of a LaBr(3):Ce and a LaCl(3):Ce detector of same size.

Nyckelord: Prompt fission gamma-rays, Cerium bromide, Lanthanum chloride, Scintillation detector, Energy resolution, Intrinsic activity, Timing, resolution, nai(tl) scintillators, x-ray, lacl3-ce, labr3-ce

Denna post skapades 2014-01-20. Senast ändrad 2016-07-01.
CPL Pubid: 192876


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Institutionen för fundamental fysik, Subatomär fysik (2005-2013)



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