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HERSCHEL OBSERVATIONS OF EXTRA-ORDINARY SOURCES: H2S AS A PROBE OF DENSE GAS AND POSSIBLY HIDDEN LUMINOSITY TOWARD THE ORION KL HOT CORE

N. R. Crockett ; E. A. Bergin ; J. L. Neill ; John H. Black (Institutionen för rymd- och geovetenskap, Radioastronomi och astrofysik) ; G. A. Blake ; M. Kleshcheva
Astrophysical Journal (0004-637X). Vol. 781 (2014), 2, p. 114 (pp. 1-21).
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

We present Herschel/HIFI observations of the light hydride H2S obtained from the full spectral scan of the Orion Kleinmann-Low nebula (Orion KL) taken as part of the Herschel Observations of EXtra-Ordinary Sources GT (guaranteed time) key program. In total, we observe 52, 24, and 8 unblended or slightly blended features from H2 32S, H2 34S, and H2 33S, respectively. We only analyze emission from the so-called hot core, but emission from the plateau, extended ridge, and/or compact ridge are also detected. Rotation diagrams for ortho and para H2S follow straight lines given the uncertainties and yield T rot = 141 ± 12 K. This indicates H2S is in local thermodynamic equilibrium and is well characterized by a single kinetic temperature or an intense far-IR radiation field is redistributing the population to produce the observed trend. We argue the latter scenario is more probable and find that the most highly excited states (E up gsim 1000 K) are likely populated primarily by radiation pumping. We derive a column density, N tot(H2 32S) = 9.5 ± 1.9 × 1017 cm–2, gas kinetic temperature, T kin = 120$\pm ^{13}_{10}$ K, and constrain the H2 volume density, $n_{\rm H_2}$ gsim 9 × 10 7 cm–3, for the H2S emitting gas. These results point to an H2S origin in markedly dense, heavily embedded gas, possibly in close proximity to a hidden self-luminous source (or sources), which are conceivably responsible for Orion KL's high luminosity. We also derive an H2S ortho/para ratio of 1.7 ± 0.8 and set an upper limit for HDS/H2S of <4.9 × 10 –3.

Nyckelord: interstellar matter, molecules, astrochemistry



Denna post skapades 2014-01-20. Senast ändrad 2014-11-21.
CPL Pubid: 192873

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för rymd- och geovetenskap, Radioastronomi och astrofysik (2010-2017)

Ämnesområden

Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi
Galaktisk astronomi
Stjärnors bildning och utveckling

Chalmers infrastruktur

Onsala rymdobservatorium