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Sense of coherence and ill health among the unemployed and re-employed after closure of an assembly plant

Jan Johansson Hanse ; Tomas Engström (Institutionen för transportteknik)
Work & Stress (0267-8373). Vol. 13 (1999), 3, p. 204-222.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between employment status, ill health and sense of coherence(SOC). A cross-sectional sample of the former workers at the closed down Volvo Kalmar plant in Sweden was used. A questionnaire was mailed to all identified subjects 2 years after the closure of the plant. Responses were obtained from 344 persons, of whom 173were re-employed and 92were unemployed. They answered the questionnaire anonymously on background variables, SOC and ill health (physical and psychological symptoms). A notable diVerencewas found between the re-employed and unemployed, where the unemployed reported symptoms significantly more often as well as a significantly weaker SOC. A main finding in a four cell model indicated that unemployment had a rather low impact on symptoms in the presence of a strong SOC. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was performed with simultaneous analysis of the unemployed and reemployed. The SEM analysis indicated that SOC seemed to have a greater impact on psychological symptoms among unemployed compared with re-employed persons. However, it should be noted that the present study does not allow for the determination of cause-effect relationships.

Nyckelord: Unemployment, Sense of coherence, Health, Structural equation modeling

Denna post skapades 2013-12-16.
CPL Pubid: 189417


Institutioner (Chalmers)

Psykologiska institutionen (GU)
Institutionen för transportteknik (1965-2003)


Tillämpad psykologi

Chalmers infrastruktur