CPL - Chalmers Publication Library
| Utbildning | Forskning | Styrkeområden | Om Chalmers | In English In English Ej inloggad.

Handling Uncertainty in Dynamic Models: The Pentose Phosphate Pathway in Trypanosoma brucei

Eduard Kerkhoven (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Systembiologi) ; F. Achcar ; V. P. Alibu ; R. J. Burchmore ; I. H. Gilbert ; M. Trybilo ; N. N. Driessen ; D. Gilbert ; R. Breitling ; B. M. Bakker ; M. P. Barrett
PLoS computational biology (1553-734X). Vol. 9 (2013), 12, p. Art. no. e1003371.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Dynamic models of metabolism can be useful in identifying potential drug targets, especially in unicellular organisms. A model of glycolysis in the causative agent of human African trypanosomiasis, Trypanosoma brucei, has already shown the utility of this approach. Here we add the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) of T. brucei to the glycolytic model. The PPP is localized to both the cytosol and the glycosome and adding it to the glycolytic model without further adjustments leads to a draining of the essential bound-phosphate moiety within the glycosome. This phosphate “leak” must be resolved for the model to be a reasonable representation of parasite physiology. Two main types of theoretical solution to the problem could be identified: (i) including additional enzymatic reactions in the glycosome, or (ii) adding a mechanism to transfer bound phosphates between cytosol and glycosome. One example of the first type of solution would be the presence of a glycosomal ribokinase to regenerate ATP from ribose 5-phosphate and ADP. Experimental characterization of ribokinase in T. brucei showed that very low enzyme levels are sufficient for parasite survival, indicating that other mechanisms are required in controlling the phosphate leak. Examples of the second type would involve the presence of an ATP:ADP exchanger or recently described permeability pores in the glycosomal membrane, although the current absence of identified genes encoding such molecules impedes experimental testing by genetic manipulation. Confronted with this uncertainty, we present a modeling strategy that identifies robust predictions in the context of incomplete system characterization. We illustrate this strategy by exploring the mechanism underlying the essential function of one of the PPP enzymes, and validate it by confirming the model predictions experimentally.

Nyckelord: Fructoses, Glucose, Glycolysis, Oxidative stress, Phosphates, Ribose, Simulation and modeling, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense

Denna post skapades 2013-12-06. Senast ändrad 2015-05-20.
CPL Pubid: 188507


Läs direkt!

Lokal fulltext (fritt tillgänglig)

Länk till annan sajt (kan kräva inloggning)

Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Systembiologi (2008-2014)


Biologiska vetenskaper

Chalmers infrastruktur