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Acquired genetic mechanisms of a multiresistant bacterium isolated from a treatment plant receiving wastewater from antibiotic production.

Anna Johnning ; Edward R.B. Moore ; Liselott Svensson-Stadler ; Yogesh S Shouche ; D. G. Joakim Larsson ; Erik Kristiansson (Institutionen för matematiska vetenskaper, matematisk statistik)
Applied and environmental microbiology (1098-5336). Vol. 79 (2013), 23, p. 7256-63.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

The external environment, particularly wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), where environmental bacteria meet human commensals and pathogens in large numbers, has been highlighted as a potential breeding ground for antibiotic resistance. We have isolated the extensively drug-resistant Ochrobactrum intermedium CCUG 57381 from an Indian WWTP receiving industrial wastewater from pharmaceutical production contaminated with high levels of quinolones. Antibiotic susceptibility testing against 47 antibiotics showed that the strain was 4 to >500 times more resistant to sulfonamides, quinolones, tetracyclines, macrolides, and the aminoglycoside streptomycin than the type strain O. intermedium LMG 3301(T). Whole-genome sequencing identified mutations in the Indian strain causing amino acid substitutions in the target enzymes of quinolones. We also characterized three acquired regions containing resistance genes to sulfonamides (sul1), tetracyclines [tet(G) and tetR], and chloramphenicol/florfenicol (floR). Furthermore, the Indian strain harbored acquired mechanisms for horizontal gene transfer, including a type I mating pair-forming system (MPFI), a MOBP relaxase, and insertion sequence transposons. Our results highlight that WWTPs serving antibiotic manufacturing may provide nearly ideal conditions for the recruitment of resistance genes into human commensal and pathogenic bacteria.

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Denna post skapades 2013-11-21. Senast ändrad 2016-01-11.
CPL Pubid: 187180


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Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för infektionssjukdomar (GU)
Institutionen för matematiska vetenskaper, matematisk statistik (2005-2016)



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