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A study of a flexible fiber model and its behavior in DNS of turbulent channel flow

Jelena Andric (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Strömningslära) ; Sam Fredriksson ; Stefan B. Lindström ; Srdjan Sasic (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Strömningslära) ; Håkan Nilsson (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Strömningslära)
Acta Mechanica (0001-5970). Vol. 224 (2013), 10, p. 2359-2374.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

The dynamics of individual flexible fibers in a turbulent flow field have been analyzed, varying their initial position, density and length. A particlelevel fiber model has been integrated into a general-purpose, open source Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code. The fibers are modeled as chains of cylindrical segments connected by ball and socket joints. The equations of motion of the fibers contain the inertia of the segments, the contributions from hydrodynamic forces and torques, and the connectivity forces at the joints. Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) of the incompressible Navier–Stokes equations is used to describe the fluid flow in a plane channel and a one-way coupling is considered between the fibers and the fluid phase. We investigate the translational motion of fibers by considering the mean square displacement of their trajectories. We find that the fiber motion is primarily governed by velocity correlations of the flow fluctuations. In addition, we show that there is a clear tendency of the thread-like fibers to evolve into complex geometrical configurations in a turbulent flow field, in fashion similar to random conformations of polymer strands subjected to thermal fluctuations in a suspension. Finally, we show that fiber inertia has a significant impact on reorientation time-scales of fibers suspended in a turbulent flow field.

Nyckelord: flexible fiber model, Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS), CFD



Denna post skapades 2013-06-07. Senast ändrad 2015-05-08.
CPL Pubid: 178004

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Strömningslära (2005-2017)
Institutionen för geovetenskaper (GU)

Ämnesområden

Strömningsmekanik

Chalmers infrastruktur

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