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Osteogenesis-inducing calcium phosphate nanoparticle precursors applied to titanium surfaces

Wenxiao He (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi) ; Martin Andersson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi) ; P. P. C. de Souza ; C. A. D. Costa ; E. M. Munoz ; H. O. Schwartz ; M. Hayashi ; A. Hemdal ; A. Fredel ; A. Wennerberg ; R. Jimbo
Biomedical Materials (1748-6041). Vol. 8 (2013), 3,
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

This study investigated the effects of the morphology and physicochemical properties of calcium phosphate (CaP) nanoparticles on osteogenesis. Two types of CaP nanoparticles were compared, namely amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) nano-spheres (diameter: 9-13 nm) and poorly crystalline apatite (PCA) nano-needles (30-50 nm x 2-4 nm) that closely resemble bone apatite. CaP particles were spin-coated onto titanium discs and implants; they were evaluated in cultured mouse calvarial osteoblasts, as well as after implantation in rabbit femurs. A significant dependence of CaP coatings was observed in osteoblast-related gene expression (Runx2, Colla1 and Spp1). Specifically, the PCA group presented an up-regulation of the osteospecific genes, while the ACP group suppressed the Runx2 and Colla1 expression when compared to blank titanium substrates. Both the ACP and PCA groups presented a more than three-fold increase of calcium deposition, as suggested by Alizarin red staining. The removal torque results implied a slight tendency in favour of the PCA group. Different forms of CaP nanostructures presented different biologic differences; the obtained information can be used to optimize surface coatings on biomaterials.

Nyckelord: ca-deficient hydroxyapatite, in-vitro, octacalcium phosphate, gene-expression, coated implants, bone-formation, osteoblast adhesion, stem-cells, vivo, crystallinity

Denna post skapades 2013-05-30.
CPL Pubid: 177675


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Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi (2005-2014)



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