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Designing From Minimum to Optimum Functionality.

Olga Bannova (Institutionen för arkitektur) ; Larry Bell
Acta Astronautica (0094-5765). Vol. 68 (2011), 7-8, p. 760-769.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

This paper discusses a multifaceted strategy to link NASA Minimal Functionality Habitable Element (MFHE) requirements to a compatible growth plan; leading forward to evolutionary, deployable habitats including outpost development stages. The discussion begins by reviewing fundamental geometric features inherent in small scale, vertical and horizontal, pressurized module configuration options to characterize applicability to meet stringent MFHE constraints. A proposed scenario to incorporate a vertical core MFHE concept into an expanded architecture to provide continuity of structural form and geometric logic bridging between “minimum” and “optimum”. The paper describes how habitation and logistics accommodations could be pre-integrated into a common Hab/Log Module that serves both habitation and logistics functions. This is offered as a means to reduce unnecessary redundant development costs and to avoid EVA-intensive on-site adaptation and retrofitting requirements for augmented crew capacity. An evolutionary version of the hard shell Hab/Log design would have an expandable middle section to afford larger living and working accommodations. In conclusion, the paper illustrates that a number of cargo missions referenced for NASA’s 4.0.0 Lunar Campaign Scenario could be eliminated altogether to expedite progress and reduce budgets. The plan concludes with a vertical growth geometry that provides versatile and efficient site development opportunities using a combination of hard Hab/Log modules and a hybrid expandable “CLAM” element.

Nyckelord: Habitat; Lunar; Habitable module; Human factors; Extreme Environment; Design

Prudent planning for lunar/planetary surface habitation should provide an architectural evolutionary configuration and system development pathway that leads from limited to expanded capacities in a coherent, progressively additive manner. Accomplishment of this planning demands a strategic approach that anticipates future growth and mission requirements that guide incremental design stages. This paper illustrates two alternative habitat configuration concepts and expansion scenarios that originate with highly constrained mass/volume features consistent with earliest operational accommodations. These examples draw upon design proposals developed by SICSA in support of separate NASA contracts awarded to teams headed by Boeing and ILC-Dover for a “Minimum Functionality Habitation Systems Concept Study”. Comprehensive team study results were presented to NASA in February, 2009, and have been publicly released to all interested parties.

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Denna post skapades 2013-05-14. Senast ändrad 2014-12-09.
CPL Pubid: 176884


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