CPL - Chalmers Publication Library
| Utbildning | Forskning | Styrkeområden | Om Chalmers | In English In English Ej inloggad.

Simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation for bioethanol production using corncobs at lab, PDU and demo scales

Rakesh Koppram (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik ) ; F. Nielsen ; Eva Albers (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik ) ; A. Lambert ; S. Wännström ; L. Welin ; G. Zacchi ; Lisbeth Olsson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik )
Biotechnology for Biofuels (1754-6834). Vol. 6 (2013),
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Background While simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SSCF) is considered to be a promising process for bioconversion of lignocellulosic materials to ethanol, there are still relatively little demo-plant data and operating experiences reported in the literature. In the current work, we designed a SSCF process and scaled up from lab to demo scale reaching 4% (w/v) ethanol using xylose rich corncobs. Results Seven different recombinant xylose utilizing Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains were evaluated for their fermentation performance in hydrolysates of steam pretreated corncobs. Two strains, RHD-15 and KE6-12 with highest ethanol yield and lowest xylitol yield, respectively were further screened in SSCF using the whole slurry from pretreatment. Similar ethanol yields were reached with both strains, however, KE6-12 was chosen as the preferred strain since it produced 26% lower xylitol from consumed xylose compared to RHD-15. Model SSCF experiments with glucose or hydrolysate feed in combination with prefermentation resulted in 79% of xylose consumption and more than 75% of the theoretical ethanol yield on available glucose and xylose in lab and PDU scales. The results suggest that for an efficient xylose conversion to ethanol controlled release of glucose from enzymatic hydrolysis and low levels of glucose concentration must be maintained throughout the SSCF. Fed-batch SSCF in PDU with addition of enzymes at three different time points facilitated controlled release of glucose and hence co-consumption of glucose and xylose was observed yielding 76% of the theoretical ethanol yield on available glucose and xylose at 7.9% water insoluble solids (WIS). With a fed-batch SSCF in combination with prefermentation and a feed of substrate and enzymes 47 and 40 g l-1 of ethanol corresponding to 68% and 58% of the theoretical ethanol yield on available glucose and xylose were produced at 10.5% WIS in PDU and demo scale, respectively. The strain KE6-12 was able to completely consume xylose within 76 h during the fermentation of hydrolysate in a 10 m3 demo scale bioreactor. Conclusions The potential of SSCF is improved in combination with prefermentation and a feed of substrate and enzymes. It was possible to successfully reproduce the fed-batch SSCF at demo scale producing 4% (w/v) ethanol which is the minimum economical requirement for efficient lignocellulosic bioethanol production process.

Nyckelord: S. cerevisiae, SSCF, Prefermentation, Xylose



Denna post skapades 2013-03-06. Senast ändrad 2016-01-12.
CPL Pubid: 174455

 

Läs direkt!

Lokal fulltext (fritt tillgänglig)

Länk till annan sajt (kan kräva inloggning)


Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik (2008-2014)

Ämnesområden

Industriell bioteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur