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Pyrochlore to Fluorite Transition: The Y2(Ti1-xZrx)2O7 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) System

Stefan T. Norberg (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi) ; S. Hull ; Sten G. Eriksson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi) ; Istaq Ahmed (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi) ; Francis G. Kinyanjui (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi) ; J. J. Biendicho
Chemistry of Materials (0897-4756). Vol. 24 (2012), 22, p. 4294-4300.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

The structural properties of the system Y-2(Ti1-xZrx)(2)O-7 have been investigated using the neutron powder diffraction technique, including a detailed analysis of the "total scattering" using reverse Monte Carlo modeling to probe the short-range ion-ion correlations over sample range 0.0 <= x <= 1.0. The average crystal structure shows a continuous transformation from the long-range ordered pyrochlore structure (Fd (3) over barm, a = 10.0967(1) angstrom, Z = 8, for x = 0.00, Y2Ti2O7) to a disordered fluorite structure (Fm (3) over barm, a = 5.2042(1) angstrom, Z = 1, for x = 1.00, Zr2Y2O7) in agreement with previous reports. However, on increasing x the disordering of both the cation and the anion sublattices occurs in stages, with the Zr4+ initially only substituting onto the Ti4+ site and adopting a cubic, rather than octahedral, local anion environment. At concentrations in excess of x approximate to 0.4 there is a gradual disordering of the Y3+, Ti4+, and Zr4+ species over all the cation sites, coupled with a redistribution of the O2- which initially only involves those anions on the O1 sites. The relationship between the composition dependences of the structure properties and the ionic conductivity is discussed.

Nyckelord: RMC modeling, oxygen vacancy ordering, SOFC electrolytes, oxide fuel-cells, anode materials, electrical-conductivity, zro2-tio2-y2o3 system, oxygen-ion, phase, chemistry, zirconia, y2ti2o7, titania

Denna post skapades 2013-02-25. Senast ändrad 2017-01-30.
CPL Pubid: 174060


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Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi (2005-2014)



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