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CP/MAS C-13 NMR study of pulp hornification using nanocrystalline cellulose as a model system

Alexander Idström (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi ; SuMo Biomaterials) ; H. Brelid ; M. Nyden ; Lars Nordstierna (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi)
Carbohydrate Polymers (0144-8617). Vol. 92 (2013), 1, p. 881-884.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

The hornification process of paper pulp was investigated using solid-state C-13 NMR spectroscopy. Nanocrystalline cellulose was used to serve as a model system of the crystalline parts of the fibrils in pulp fibers. Characterization of the nanocrystalline cellulose dimensions was carried out using scanning electron microscopy. The samples were treated by drying and wetting cycles prior to NMR analysis where the hornification phenomenon was recorded by spectral changes of the cellulose C-4 carbon signals. An increase of the crystalline signal and a decrease of the signals corresponding to the accessible amorphous domains were found for both paper pulp and nanocrystalline cellulose. These spectral changes grew stronger with repeating drying and wetting cycles. The results show that cellulose co-crystallization contribute to hornification. Another conclusion is that the surfaces of higher hydrophobicity in cellulose fibrils have an increased preference for aggregation.

Nyckelord: Solid-state NMR, C-13 NMR, Hornification, Paper pulp, Cellulose, Nanocrystalline cellulose, Fibril aggregation, kraft pulp, spectroscopy, surface, fibers, assignment, mechanism

Denna post skapades 2013-02-13. Senast ändrad 2016-03-23.
CPL Pubid: 173548


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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi (2005-2014)
SuMo Biomaterials


Pappers-, massa- och fiberteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur

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