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Isolation and characterization of a resident tolerant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain from a spent sulfite liquor fermentation plant

Violeta Sánchez I Nogué ; Maurizio Bettiga (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik ) ; Marie-Francoise Gorwa-Grauslund
AMB Express (2191-0855). Vol. 2 (2012), 1, p. 68.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Spent Sulfite Liquor (SSL) from wood pulping facilities is a sugar rich effluent that can be used as feedstock for ethanol production. However, depending on the pulping process conditions, the release of monosaccharides also generates a range of compounds that negatively affect microbial fermentation. In the present study, we investigated whether endogenous yeasts in SSL-based ethanol plant could represent a source of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains with a naturally acquired tolerance towards this inhibitory environment. Two isolation processes were performed, before and after the re-inoculation of the plant with a commercial baker’s yeast strain. The isolates were clustered by DNA fingerprinting and a recurrent Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, different from the inoculated commercial baker’s yeast strain, was isolated. The strain, named TMB3720, flocculated heavily and presented high furaldehyde reductase activity. During fermentation of undiluted SSL, TMB3720 displayed a 4-fold higher ethanol production rate and 1.8-fold higher ethanol yield as compared to the commercial baker’s yeast. Another non-Saccharomyces cerevisiae species, identified as the pentose utilizing Pichia galeiformis, was also recovered in the last tanks of the process where the hexose to pentose sugar ratio and the inhibitory pressure are expected to be the lowest.

Nyckelord: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Spent sulfite liquor fermentation, PCR-fingerprinting, Stress tolerance, Resident yeast



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Denna post skapades 2013-01-14. Senast ändrad 2013-01-16.
CPL Pubid: 170372

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik (2008-2014)

Ämnesområden

Energi
Livsvetenskaper
Industriell bioteknik
Bioprocessteknik
Bioenergi

Chalmers infrastruktur