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Drivers and barriers to rural electrification in rural Tanzania and Mozambique – interaction between stakeholders

Helene Ahlborg (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Miljösystemanalys) ; Linus Hammar (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Miljösystemanalys)
Working paper: NESS 2011. Power landscapes – histories and futures. Theme: The power of power. June 14-16, 2011. Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden (2011)
[Konferensbidrag, övrigt]

Mozambique and Tanzania are countries with very low rural electrification rates – far below 5 % percent of the rural population use electricity. The pace of rural grid electrification is slow and for most remote areas access to the national electricity grids will not occur within a foreseeable future. Off-grid (decentralized) electricity grids are seen as a complement and fore-runner to the national grid, making electricity available many years in advance and creating demand and a customer base. Most off-grid systems are supplied by diesel generators which entail unreliable and costly electricity. Alternative off-grid energy sources exist in the region, such as biofuels, wind, micro-hydro and solar PV; but there are significant barriers to adoption, adaptation and diffusion of such renewable energy-based technologies. In this study, the specific drivers and barriers for rural electrification and off-grid solutions in both countries are explored across a stakeholder spectrum. By qualitative methodology, data was collected in semi-structured interviews carried out with energy sector stakeholders from national to local level; and in visits to off-grid projects in Tanzania and Mozambique during eight weeks in 2010. Findings illustrate country-specific institutional, financial and poverty-related drivers and barriers to grid and off-grid electrification, as perceived by different energy sector stakeholders. The interaction between national and local stakeholders is described and how they perceive the potential for renewable energy sources; it is further analyzed whether different perspectives and understandings may create conflicts or barriers to successful implementation and management. In both countries the top-down structure and low institutional quality of the energy sectors create financial and political barriers for local actors and non-governmental organizations. However, although renewable energy sources are of limited technical capacity and face economical difficulties, their introduction work as a driver for increased demand and social development, improving the customer base for future grid extension.

Nyckelord: Rural Electrification, Off-grid Systems, Renewable Energy, Africa, Drivers and Barriers

The conference paper is a working paper that was read and discussed in a working group on the theme The power of power. Only conference abstracts were published online. For the full paper, contact the first author.

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Denna post skapades 2012-11-21. Senast ändrad 2015-05-08.
CPL Pubid: 166445


Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för energi och miljö, Miljösystemanalys (2005-2017)


Hållbar utveckling
Tvärvetenskapliga studier

Chalmers infrastruktur