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Encapsulation-Induced Stress Helps Saccharomyces cerevisiae Resist Convertible Lignocellulose Derived Inhibitors

Johan Westman (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik ) ; R. B. Manikondu ; Carl Johan Franzén (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik ) ; M. J. Taherzadeh
International Journal of Molecular Sciences (1661-6596). Vol. 13 (2012), 9, p. 11881-11894.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

The ability of macroencapsulated Saccharomyces cerevisiae CBS8066 to withstand readily and not readily in situ convertible lignocellulose-derived inhibitors was investigated in anaerobic batch cultivations. It was shown that encapsulation increased the tolerance against readily convertible furan aldehyde inhibitors and to dilute acid spruce hydrolysate, but not to organic acid inhibitors that cannot be metabolized anaerobically. Gene expression analysis showed that the protective effect arising from the encapsulation is evident also on the transcriptome level, as the expression of the stress-related genes YAP1, ATR1 and FLR1 was induced upon encapsulation. The transcript levels were increased due to encapsulation already in the medium without added inhibitors, indicating that the cells sensed low stress level arising from the encapsulation itself. We present a model, where the stress response is induced by nutrient limitation, that this helps the cells to cope with the increased stress added by a toxic medium, and that superficial cells in the capsules degrade convertible inhibitors, alleviating the inhibition for the cells deeper in the capsule.

Nyckelord: lignocellulosic hydrolysate, ethanol, furfural, HMF (5-hydroxymethyl furfural), carboxylic acids, anaerobic batch fermentation, yeast-cells, continuous cultivation, ethanol-production, acid, conversion, glucose, microencapsulation, pretreatment, hydrolyzate



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Denna post skapades 2012-11-09. Senast ändrad 2015-05-20.
CPL Pubid: 165756

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik (2008-2014)

Ämnesområden

Energi
Livsvetenskaper
Hållbar utveckling
Mikrobiologi
Industriell bioteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur

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