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Bioelectrochemical recovery of Cu, Pb, Cd, and Zn from dilute solutions

Oskar Modin (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik) ; Xiaofei Wang ; Xue Wu ; Sebastien Rauch (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik) ; Karin Karlfeldt Fedje (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik ; FRIST kompetenscentrum )
Journal of Hazardous Materials (0304-3894). Vol. 235-236 (2012), p. 291-297.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

In a microbial bioelectrochemical system (BES) living microorganisms catalyze the anodic oxidation of organic matter at a low anode potential. We used a BES with a biological anode to power the cathodic recovery of Cu, Pb, Cd, and Zn from a simulated municipal solid waste incineration ash leachate. By varying the control of the BES, the four metals could sequentially be recovered from a mixed solution by reduction on a titanium cathode. First, the cell voltage was controlled at zero, which allowed recovery of Cu from the solution without an electrical energy input. Second, the cathode potential was controlled at -0.51 V to recover Pb, which required an applied voltage of about 0.34 V. Third, the cathode potential was controlled at -0.66V to recover Cd, which required an applied voltage of 0.51 V. Finally, Zn was the only metal remaining in solution and was recovered by controlling the anode at +0.2 V to maximize the generated current. The study is the first to demonstrate that a BES can be used for cathodic recovery of metals from a mixed solution, which potentially could be used not only for ash leachates but also for e.g. metallurgical wastewaters and landfill leachates.

Nyckelord: Microbial electrolysis cell, Metal recovery, Ash leachate, Electrowinning, Municipal solid waste



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Denna post skapades 2012-09-07. Senast ändrad 2014-09-02.
CPL Pubid: 163014

 

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