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A simulation tool for assessing the influence of atmospheric turbulence in a Media Calibration System

A. Graziani ; P. Tortora ; Gunnar Elgered (Institutionen för rymd- och geovetenskap, Rymdgeodesi och geodynamik) ; P. Jarlemark ; A. Martellucci ; M. Mercolino
12th Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment, MicroRad 2012 - Proceedings. Rome, 5-9 March 2012 (2012)
[Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat]

Turbulence is an important effect for different applications including different aspects of electromagnetic propagation in the atmosphere, especially for frequencies in the microwave part of the spectrum. Our parameter of interest is an integrated effect, namely the propagation delay of a signal propagating through the Earth's atmosphere to a receiver on the ground. A simulation method has been implemented in order to predict the statistics of atmospheric turbulence. For systems where calibration for the wet delay is done by means of radiometric measurements there is an uncalibrated remainder of the variability due to imperfections of the method: (1) the radiometer location, which may not be identical to the location of the receiving antenna that is subject to calibration, (2) a pointing offset on the sky, and (3) the radiometer beam that may sense another volume of the air than does the original signal. The size of the remainder depends on the assumptions made about the atmospheric variability when the instrument is calibrated. The analysis shows that the overall performance of the system to a significant level depends on the uncertainty in the true range of variation for the turbulence strength parameter C n 2.

Nyckelord: Allan standard deviation, Atmospheric turbulence, microwave radiometer, water vapor

Denna post skapades 2012-05-29. Senast ändrad 2014-09-02.
CPL Pubid: 158195


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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för rymd- och geovetenskap, Rymdgeodesi och geodynamik


Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap

Chalmers infrastruktur