CPL - Chalmers Publication Library

Hydrogen Bonding in Liquid Alcohols

Författare och institution:
Per Sillrén (Institutionen för teknisk fysik, Kondenserade materiens fysik)
Antal sidor:
59
Publikationstyp:
Licentiatavhandling
Förlag:
Chalmers University of Technology
Förlagsort:
Göteborg
Publiceringsår:
2012
Språk:
engelska
Datum för examination:
2012-06-11
Tidpunkt för examination:
13:00
Lokal:
Fasrummet, Kemiv ̈agen 9, Chalmers University of Technology
Opponent:
Martin Nilsson Jacobi
Inkluderade delarbeten:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Hydrogen bonded (H-bonded) materials, such as water, alcohols, sugars, and even DNA, are extremely important for biology, as well as chemical industry. Alcohols are used as solvents in paints, in perfumes, as cleaners, anti-freezers, or as an alternative to petrol in combustion engines. In medicine, the polymeric alcohol polyethylene glycol, PEG, is used in a process called pegylation, where PEG chains are attached to drugs or therapeutic proteins. Pegylation can prolong the medicines half life in the body, as well as aid in making the drug water soluble. Crucial in most of the applications are the effects the H-bonds have on the physical properties of the liquid and its functionality. H-bonds are intermolecular bonds, with a bond strength corresponding to ∼ 10 times the kinetic energy of the molecule at room temperature. In alcohols and water, this leads to a transient H-bond network, where molecules leaves and joins the networks at picosecond timescales. H-bonding is responsible for intriguing properties, both structural and dynamic. The most well known “anomaly”, is probably the density maximum water exhibits at 4◦ C, but also alcohols have unusual properties, caused by H- bonding, such as the so called Debye process seen in dielectric spectra of mono alcohols. To better understand the effect H-bonds have in different materials, it is im- portant to know what the H-bonded structures look like. This thesis is concerned with the H-bonding structure in some of the simplest H-bonding material: small molecule alcohols. To investigate the structure of the H-bonded clusters we use a combinations of experimental, computational, and theoretical methods. The clusters we have found have a tree-like topology, and a broad distribution of cluster sizes.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
NATURVETENSKAP ->
Fysik ->
Atom- och molekylfysik och optik ->
Molekylfysik
NATURVETENSKAP ->
Fysik ->
Atom- och molekylfysik och optik ->
Kemisk fysik
NATURVETENSKAP ->
Fysik ->
Den kondenserade materiens fysik ->
Vätskefysik
NATURVETENSKAP ->
Fysik ->
Annan fysik ->
Beräkningsfysik
NATURVETENSKAP ->
Fysik ->
Annan fysik ->
Statistisk fysik
NATURVETENSKAP ->
Kemi ->
Teoretisk kemi ->
Statistisk mekanik
Nyckelord:
Physics of liquids, Alcohols, Hydrogen Bonded Liquids, Neutron Scattering, Diffraction, Monte Carlo Simulation, EPSR
Chalmers fundament:
Grundläggande vetenskaper
Postens nummer:
157932
Posten skapad:
2012-05-23 12:05
Posten ändrad:
2013-07-13 18:52

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