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Assessment of absorption cooling as a district heating system strategy – A case study

Författare och institution:
Elsa Fahlén (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik); Louise Trygg (-); Erik Ahlgren (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik)
Publicerad i:
Energy Conversion and Management, 60 s. 115-124
ISSN:
0196-8904
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2012
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Heat load variations, daily as well as seasonal, are constraining co-generation of high-value energy products as well as excess heat utilisation. Integration of heat-driven absorption cooling (AC) technology in a district heating and cooling (DHC) system raises the district heat (DH) demand during low-demand periods and may thus contribute to a more efficient resource utilisation. In Sweden, AC expansion is a potentially interesting option since the cooling demand is rapidly increasing, albeit from low levels, and DH systems cover most of the areas with potential cooling demand. This study aims to assess the potential for cost and CO2 emission reduction due to expansion of DH-driven AC instead of electricity-driven compression cooling in the DHC system of Göteborg, characterised by a high share of low-cost excess heat sources. The DHC production is simulated on an hourly basis using the least-cost model MARTES. Despite recent advances of compression chillers, the results show potential for cost-effective CO2 emission reduction by AC expansion, which is robust with regards to the different scenarios applied of energy market prices and policies. While the effects on annual DHC system results are minor, the study illustrates that an increased cooling demand may be met by generation associated with low or even negative net CO2 emissions – as long as there is high availability of industrial excess heat in the DHC system, or if e.g. new biomass-based combined heat and power capacity is installed, due to the avoided and replaced marginal power generation.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
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Nyckelord:
Absorption cooling, Compression cooling, Carbon dioxide emissions, Combined heat and power, Industrial excess heat, District heating and cooling
Chalmers styrkeområden:
Energi
Chalmers drivkrafter:
Hållbar utveckling
Postens nummer:
157480
Ingår i post nr:
Posten skapad:
2012-05-09 17:47
Posten ändrad:
2012-08-16 13:20

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