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Effect of the consumption of a fruit and vegetable soup with high in vitro carotenoid accessibility on serum carotenoid concentrations and markers of oxidative stress in young men

Rebeca Martinez-Tomas ; Elvira Larque ; Daniel Gonzalez-Silvera ; Maria Sanchez-Campillo ; Maria. I. Burgos ; Anna Wellner (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap) ; Soledad Parra ; Lucy Bialek ; Marie Alminger (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap) ; Francisca Perez-Llamas
European Journal of Nutrition (1436-6207). p. 1-9. (2011)
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Aim To evaluate the effect of the daily intake of a fruit & vegetable soup with high in vitro bioaccessibility of carotenoids on β-carotene and lycopene serum concentrations. Methods Fourteen healthy young men (24 ± 1 years) received 300 mL/day of a carrot, tomato, and broccoli soup, containing 3.9 mg β-carotene and 4 mg lycopene, for 4 weeks followed by a 4-week washout period. The serum carotenoid response and oxidative markers were analyzed after 3 and 4 weeks of soup consumption and after a 4-week washout. Results The in vitro bioaccessibility of β-carotene and lycopene was 55 and 43%, respectively, in the soup. Serum β-carotene concentrations were significantly higher than baseline (0.33 ± 0.05 μmol/L) after 3 weeks (0.69 ± 0.06 μmol/L) and 4 weeks (0.78 ± 0.10 μmol/L) of soup consumption (P < 0.001). Serum lycopene was also significantly higher compared with baseline levels (0.26 ± 0.08–0.56 ± 0.04 μmol/L and 0.60 ± 0.04 μmol/L, after 3 and 4 weeks, respectively) (P < 0.001). Although the highest concentration of both carotenoids was found after 4 weeks, the levels were not statistically different from the levels at 3 weeks. A 4-week washout significantly decreased serum carotenoid concentrations, although only β-carotene returned to baseline. Glutathione peroxidase (GPx) increased significantly after soup supplementation compared with baseline, while superoxide dismutase was significantly lower only after 3 weeks. Glutathione reductase, lipid, protein, and DNA oxidative markers remained unchanged. Conclusions The soup contributed to increasing the concentration of each carotenoid by more than 100% after 3 and 4 weeks of consumption, the maximum increase being observed after 4 weeks. Oxidative markers did not show any variation except for GPx. Serum lycopene half-life was longer than that of β-carotene, which may be important for studies evaluating both carotenoids.

Nyckelord: Carotenoid bioavailability; human; oxidative stress

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Denna post skapades 2012-05-09. Senast ändrad 2015-06-12.
CPL Pubid: 157475


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