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Coastal Sea Level Measurements Using a Single Geodetic GPS Receiver

Kristine Larson ; Johan Löfgren (Institutionen för rymd- och geovetenskap, Rymdgeodesi och geodynamik) ; Rüdiger Haas (Institutionen för rymd- och geovetenskap, Rymdgeodesi och geodynamik)
Advances in Space Research (0273-1177). Vol. 51 (2013), 8, p. 1301-1310.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

This paper presents a method to derive local sea level variations using data from a single geodetic-quality Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver using GPS (Global Positioning System) signals. This method is based on multipath theory for specular reflections and the use of Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) data. The technique could be valuable for altimeter calibration and validation. Data from two test sites, a dedicated GPS tide gauge at the Onsala Space Observatory (OSO) in Sweden and the Friday Harbor GPS site of the EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) in USA, are analyzed. The sea level results are compared to independently observed sea level data from nearby and in situ tide gauges. For OSO, the Root-Mean-Square (RMS) agreement is better than 5 cm, while it is on the order of 10 cm for Friday Harbor. The correlation coefficients are better than 0.97 for both sites. For OSO, the SNR-based results are also compared with results from a geodetic analysis of GPS data of a two receivers/antennae tide gauge installation. The SNR-based analysis results in a slightly worse RMS agreement with respect to the independent tide gauge data than the geodetic analysis (4.8 cm and 4.0 cm, respectively). However, it provides results even for rough sea surface conditions when the two receivers/antennae installation no longer records the necessary data for a geodetic analysis.

Nyckelord: GNSS, GPS, SNR, Reflected signals, Sea level, Tide gauge



Denna post skapades 2012-05-02. Senast ändrad 2016-05-24.
CPL Pubid: 157242

 

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