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A multifaceted approach to hydrogen storage

A. J. Churchard ; E. Banach ; A. Borgschulte ; R. Caputo ; J. C. Chen ; D. Clary ; K. J. Fijalkowski ; H. Geerlings ; R. V. Genova ; W. Grochala ; T. Jaron ; J. C. Juanes-Marcos ; Bengt Kasemo (Institutionen för teknisk fysik, Kemisk fysik) ; G. J. Kroes ; I. Ljubic ; Nicola Naujoks (Institutionen för teknisk fysik, Kemisk fysik) ; J. K. Norskov ; R. A. Olsen ; F. Pendolino ; A. Remhof ; Loránd Románszki (Institutionen för teknisk fysik, Kemisk fysik) ; A. Tekin ; T. Vegge ; Michael Zäch (Institutionen för teknisk fysik, Kemisk fysik) ; A. Zuttel
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (1463-9076). Vol. 13 (2011), 38, p. 16955-16972.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

The widespread adoption of hydrogen as an energy carrier could bring significant benefits, but only if a number of currently intractable problems can be overcome. Not the least of these is the problem of storage, particularly when aimed at use onboard light-vehicles. The aim of this overview is to look in depth at a number of areas linked by the recently concluded HYDROGEN research network, representing an intentionally multi-faceted selection with the goal of advancing the field on a number of fronts simultaneously. For the general reader we provide a concise outline of the main approaches to storing hydrogen before moving on to detailed reviews of recent research in the solid chemical storage of hydrogen, and so provide an entry point for the interested reader on these diverse topics. The subjects covered include: the mechanisms of Ti catalysis in alanates; the kinetics of the borohydrides and the resulting limitations; novel transition metal catalysts for use with complex hydrides; less common borohydrides; protic-hydridic stores; metal ammines and novel approaches to nano-confined metal hydrides.

Nyckelord: density-functional theory, generalized gradient approximation, quartz, crystal microbalance, sodium aluminum-hydride, cox-free hydrogen, thermal-decomposition, metal borohydrides, reorientational motion, imidazolate frameworks, clathrate hydrate

Denna post skapades 2011-10-19.
CPL Pubid: 147427


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