CPL - Chalmers Publication Library
| Utbildning | Forskning | Styrkeområden | Om Chalmers | In English In English Ej inloggad.

Biological treatment of Lignocelluloses with white-rot funghi and its applications: Review

Isroi Isroi (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik) ; Ria Millati (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk reaktionsteknik) ; syam Syamsiah ; Claes Niklasson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk reaktionsteknik) ; Cayanto Cayanto ; Bachrudin ; Mohammad J. Taherzadeh ; Knut Lundquist (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Organisk kemi)
Bioresources (1930-2126). Vol. 6 (2011), 4, p. 5224-5259.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Lignocellulosic carbohydrates, i.e. cellulose and hemicellulose, have abundant potential as feedstock for production of biofuels and chemicals. However, these carbohydrates are generally infiltrated by lignin. Breakdown of the lignin barrier will alter lignocelluloses structures and make the carbohydrates accessible for more efficient bioconversion. White-rot fungi produce ligninolytic enzymes (lignin peroxidase, manganese peroxidase, and laccase) and efficiently mineralise lignin into CO2 and H2O. Biological pretreatment of lignocelluloses using white-rot fungi has been used for decades for ruminant feed, enzymatic hydrolysis, and biopulping. Application of white-rot fungi capabilities can offer environmentally friendly processes for utilising lignocelluloses over physical or chemical pretreatment. This paper reviews white-rot fungi, ligninolytic enzymes, the effect of biological pretreatment on biomass characteristics, and factors affecting biological pretreatment. Application of biological pretreatment for enzymatic hydrolysis, biofuels (bioethanol, biogas and pyrolysis), biopulping, biobleaching, animal feed, and enzymes production are also discussed.

Nyckelord: Biological pretreatment; White-rot fungi; Lignocellulose; Solid-state fermentation; Lignin peroxidase; Manganese peroxidase; Laccase; Bioethanol; Biopulping; Biobleaching; Ruminant feed

Den här publikationen ingår i följande styrkeområden:

Läs mer om Chalmers styrkeområden  

Denna post skapades 2011-10-13. Senast ändrad 2016-12-02.
CPL Pubid: 147199


Läs direkt!

Lokal fulltext (fritt tillgänglig)

Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik (2005-2014)
Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk reaktionsteknik (2005-2014)
Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Organisk kemi (2006-2014)


Hållbar utveckling
Industriell bioteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur