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Real-Time GPU Algorithms: Parallel Primitives and Rendering of Participating Media

Markus Billeter (Institutionen för data- och informationsteknik, Datorteknik (Chalmers))
Göteborg : Chalmers University of Technology, 2011. - 72 s.
[Licentiatavhandling]

Modern graphics processing units, GPUs, present an immense resource of computational power, that however remains challenging to fully harness. This thesis explores four algorithms and methods that attempt to take full advantage of the resources provided by a GPU. The algorithms focus on efficient implementations that perform well enough to be considered for real-time applications. Two of the papers focus on using GPUs to accelerate general purpose algorithms by leveraging general purpose GPU, GPGPU, techniques. First, general purpose parallel primitives such as parallel stream compaction, reduction, prefix sums and sorting are presented. The second paper applies these techniques to efficiently build a two-level hierarchical grid from scene geometry. The two-level grid is then used to accelerate ray tracing. While ray tracing is related to computer graphics, it is outside of the traditional scope of GPUs, which are built to mainly accelerate rasterized graphics. In the third paper, the rasterization specific parts of a modern GPU are leveraged to render shafts of light and other effects that single scattering of light in a participating medium gives rise to. The method presented in the third paper relies on shadow maps to generate polygonal geometry enclosing space that is directly illuminated by a light source. It is inside this geometry that single scattering takes place. The final paper explores the combination of GPGPU techniques with traditional graphics operations. The method augments the single scattering algorithms presented in the third paper with support for multiple scattering and indirect illumination of geometry by light scattered in the participating medium. It uses light propagation volumes, LPVs, which are efficiently implemented using GPGPU programming techniques to propagate light using a modified propagation scheme that accounts for scattering in the medium.

Nyckelord: GPGPU, parallel primitives, stream compaction, grids, single scattering, multiple scattering, indirect illumination, shafts of light



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Denna post skapades 2011-09-26. Senast ändrad 2014-09-02.
CPL Pubid: 146579

 

Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för data- och informationsteknik, Datorteknik (Chalmers)

Ämnesområden

Informations- och kommunikationsteknik
Datorteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur

Relaterade publikationer

Inkluderade delarbeten:


Efficient stream compaction on wide SIMD many-core architectures


Real Time Volumetric Shadows using Polygonal Light Volumes


Two-Level Grids for Ray Tracing on GPUs


Examination

Datum: 2011-10-20
Tid: 10:00
Opponent: Prof. Lennart Ohlsson, Institutionen för Datavetenskap, Lunds Universitet, Sverige