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Zeta-potential and local filtration properties: Constitutive relationships for TiO(2) from experimental filtration measurements

Tuve Mattsson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Skogsindustriell kemiteknik) ; Maria Sedin (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Skogsindustriell kemiteknik) ; Hans Theliander (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Skogsindustriell kemiteknik)
Chemical Engineering Science (0009-2509). Vol. 66 (2011), 20, p. 4573-4581.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

The use of filtration to separate solid from liquids is a commonly-used unit operation employed in a range of different applications. The development of accurate models is therefore important in facilitating e.g. design, scale-up and troubleshooting. Accurate constitutive relationships between local filtration properties need to be formulated in order to form precise models of the filtration process. One important parameter that is seldom considered explicitly in filtration models is the inter particle forces, e. g. electrostatic forces. The aim of this study is to investigate local filtration properties, under controlled conditions, for the model material TiO(2) where the zeta-potential, and thereby one important parameter affecting the inter-particle interactions, is altered. In this study the local solidosity is measured during filtration by gamma-attenuation, the local pressure is measured using capillary tubes. These data are used to calculate the local specific filtration resistance. The compressibility of the filtration cake was changed substantially by altering the zeta-potential. Several published constitutive relationships between local data and specific filtration resistance were applied; they yielded very similar parameters that were in good accordance with the characterization of the material. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Nyckelord: Filtration, Mathematical modelling, Porous media, Separations, zeta-potential, Local properties, cake filtration, filter cake, suspensions, particles, flow, expression, pressure, porosity, sludge, ase gg, 1992, v47, p1373



Denna post skapades 2011-09-08.
CPL Pubid: 145936

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Skogsindustriell kemiteknik (2005-2014)

Ämnesområden

Kemiteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur

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