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Environmental trade-offs in nitrogen oxide removal from ship engine emissions

Karin Andersson (Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik, Fartygs framdrivning och miljöpåverkan) ; Hulda Winnes (Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik, Fartygs framdrivning och miljöpåverkan)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment (1475-0902). Vol. 225 (2011), 1, p. 33-42.
[Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat]

The emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) from ship engines constitute an increasing part of the total global emissions of NOx while the share from land-based sources is decreasing. In the coming years, new regulations will set limits to emissions in specific areas and various technical countermeasures will be developed and implemented. However, when taking technical measures against emissions on a local scale, there is always a risk of inducing an increase in the total environmental impact related to the technology used, owing to increased energy use and emissions in other places. In the present study, an investigation of the difference in environmental impact from passenger transport vessels with and without catalytic NOx emission purification was performed in a life cycle assessment. The production and transport of chemicals used in the catalyst are included in the study. The study shows that the use of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) gives a considerable decrease in the environmental impact compared with using a diesel engine without a catalyst. The transport of urea solution over a 500 km distance makes a very small contribution to the total environmental impact. The global warming potential is the only impact category for which values are increased when including the urea production and transport. When looking at the contribution from urea to the total impact from the SCR process, the increase is less than 10 per cent for most impact categories.

Nyckelord: nitrogen oxide emissions, ship engine exhausts, removal of emissions, selective catalytic reduction, life cycle assessment



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Denna post skapades 2011-01-25. Senast ändrad 2014-10-27.
CPL Pubid: 136051

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik, Fartygs framdrivning och miljöpåverkan (2007-2011)

Ämnesområden

Energi
Transport
Hållbar utveckling
Innovation och entreprenörskap (nyttiggörande)
Farkostteknik
Miljöteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur