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A new foaming technique for production of superabsorbents from carboxymethyl chitosan

Akram Zamani (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik) ; Dag Henriksson ; Mohammad J. Taherzadeh
Carbohydrate Polymers (0144-8617). Vol. 80 (2010), 4, p. 1091-1101.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

A foaming technique was developed for production of superabsorbent polymers (SAP) from carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) with high, medium and low molecular weights. In this method n-pentane was used as a blowing agent due to low boiling point and immiscibility with water. n-Pentane was added to a warm aqueous solution of CMCS and boiled. CMCS was then gelled by adding the crosslinking agent glutaraldehyde and consequently n-pentane was captured inside the polymer network. The n-pentane was evaporated from this network while drying in oven. It resulted in stable foam that prevented the hydrogel from collapsing and the dried product had a porous structure with a high water-binding capacity (WBC). The effects of molecular weight of CMCS and its concentration, and the amounts of glutaraldehyde and n-pentane used, on WBC were investigated and optimized using response surface experimental design. The best result for WBC of foam-dried SAP was 107 (g/g) after exposing for 1 h in pure water and 60 (g/g) and 37 (g/g) after exposing for one min in pure water and 0.9% NaCl solution, respectively. The WBC of the SAP produced by the foaming technique was more than five times higher than the WBC of the oven-dried crosslinked CMCS.

Nyckelord: Carboxymethyl chitosan, Foaming technique, Glutaraldehyde, n-Pentane, Superabsorbent



Denna post skapades 2010-09-07. Senast ändrad 2015-07-02.
CPL Pubid: 125753

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik (2005-2014)

Ämnesområden

Kemi
Kemiteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur

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