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Electrification potential of the car – estimate from a mid-size Swedish town

Emma Jonson (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori) ; Sten Karlsson (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori)
25th World Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition: Sustainable Mobility Revolution, EVS 2010; Shenzhen; China; 5 November 2010 through 9 November 2010 (2010)
[Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat]

An electrification of vehicles can contribute to increased energy efficiency and decreased air pollution in urban environments. The high vehicle costs involved, especially for the batteries, means that careful considerations of the options are needed. We have investigated the optimal design and potential for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) under various viability conditions with the help of a data set for individual vehicle movements from a mid-size Swedish town. In the estimates each car is equipped with a battery cost-optimized in size with respect to the individual car movement pattern and charging options expressed as the minimum break time interval required for considering recharging. The resulting optimal battery size is relatively small for lower economic viability, but increases with raised charging options. For high economic competitiveness the optimal sizes are larger but decreasing with better recharging possibilities. The results point to a PHEV design strategy with a small battery in an introductory phase and then an increased size when the economic competitiveness is further enhanced. Still the resulting optimal battery size is highly dependent on the specific movement pattern of the individual car. It is now urgent for the continued development, planning, and estimates of proliferation and impact of electrified vehicles that further statistical data, today mostly lacking, for the movement patterns of individual vehicles in various regions are assembled and utilized.

Nyckelord: car movements, gps, charging pattern, battery size, PHEV potential

Denna post skapades 2010-09-05. Senast ändrad 2016-05-12.
CPL Pubid: 125663


Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori


Fysisk planläggning

Chalmers infrastruktur