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Brazilian Agriculture and Environmental Legislation: Status and Future Challenges

G. Sparovek ; Göran Berndes (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori) ; I. L. F. Klug ; Agop Barretto
Environmental Science & Technology (0013-936X). Vol. 44 (2010), 16, p. 6046-6053.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Brazilian agriculture covers about one-third of the land area and is expected to expand further We assessed the compliance of present Brazilian agriculture with environmental legislation and identified challenges for agricultural development connected to this legislation We found (i) minor illegal land use in protected areas under public administration, (ii) a large deficit in legal reserves and protected riparian zones on private farmland, and large areas of unprotected natural vegetation in regions experiencing agriculture expansion Achieving full compliance with the environmental laws as they presently stand would require drastic changes in agricultural land use, where large agricultural areas are taken out of production and converted back to natural vegetation The outcome of a full compliance with environmental legislation might not be satisfactory due to leakage, where pristine unprotected areas become converted to compensate for lost production as current agricultural areas are reconverted to protected natural vegetation. Realizing the desired protection of biodiversity and natural vegetation, while expanding agriculture to meet food and biofuel demand, may require a new approach to environmental protection New legal and regulatory instruments and the establishment of alternative development models should be considered

Nyckelord: land-cover change, climate-change, ethanol-production, amazon, deforestation, biofuels, cerrado, expansion, sugarcane, prospects



Denna post skapades 2010-08-27. Senast ändrad 2017-01-27.
CPL Pubid: 125327

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori (2005-2017)

Ämnesområden

Miljöteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur