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Improving vitamin A nutrition in low-income countries. In vitro bioaccessibility of provitamin A carotenoids in biofortified orange-fleshed sweet potato

Anton Bengtsson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap)
Göteborg : Chalmers University of Technology, 2010. ISBN: 978-91-7385-414-6.- 148 s.
[Doktorsavhandling]

Vitamin A deficiency is a major nutritional disorder in a large number of low-income countries that is caused by an inadequate intake of preformed vitamin A and provitamin A carotenoids in the diet. The objective of the present thesis was to evaluate orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) as a biofortified food source of provitamin A carotenoids with a potential to be included in a diet for alleviating vitamin A deficiency. The effects of various thermal processing and drying methods on the retention and in vitro bioaccessibility of β-carotene in OFSP were investigated using HPLC and an in vitro digestion model. The cell structure and β-carotene morphology in fresh and thermally processed OFSP were visualized by brightfield and coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy. The interactive effects of simultaneous uptake of β-carotene from micelles and iron were studied using a Caco-2 cell model. Biofortified OFSP cultivars from Uganda contained high levels of all-trans-β-carotene ranging from 108 to 315 μg/g dry weight. Traditional preparation methods resulted in moderate losses of β-carotene with approximately 78% of the all-trans-β-carotene content retained, and the effects of boiling, steaming and deep-frying were similar. However, the degree of cell wall damage strongly influenced the in vitro bioaccessibility of β-carotene, which was clearly indicated by the 31% to 50% transfer of all-trans-β-carotene from the OFSP matrix to the micellar phase in samples that were homogenized prior to boiling, considerably higher than in samples that were thermally treated prior to homogenization (11% to 22%). These findings correlated qualitatively very well with the differences observed in size and number of β-carotene bodies in the in vitro digested samples. Furthermore, β-carotene bodies were co-located with starch granules in the OFSP matrix. The Caco-2 cell model showed that the uptake of β-carotene was reduced in the presence of physiological amounts of ferrous chloride, and this effect was concentration dependent. However, no evidence of an impact of β-carotene on iron uptake was observed. The results in the present thesis indicate that a meal supplemented with OFSP together with a small amount of fat would provide enough β-carotene to completely cover the daily vitamin A requirements for preschool-age children. In summary, the high content and in vitro bioaccessibility of β-carotene from thermally processed OFSP suggests that this food crop can be considered a promising food-based approach to prevent vitamin A deficiency in a sustainable manner.

Nyckelord: orange-fleshed sweet potato, vitamin A deficiency, provitamin A carotenoids, β-carotene, biofortification, food processing, in vitro digestion, bioaccessibility, coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy, Caco-2 cells



Denna post skapades 2010-07-07. Senast ändrad 2013-09-25.
CPL Pubid: 123729

 

Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap (2005-2014)

Ämnesområden

Kemi
Biologiska vetenskaper

Chalmers infrastruktur

Examination

Datum: 2010-09-03
Tid: 10:00
Lokal: 10:an, Kemivägen 10, Chalmers tekniska högskola
Opponent: Paul van Jaarsveld, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa

Ingår i serie

Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny serie 3095