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Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles as Regulating Power Providers - Case Studies of Sweden and Germany

Sara-Linnea Andersson ; Anna Elofsson ; Matthias Galus ; Lisa Göransson (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik) ; Sten Karlsson (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori) ; Filip Johnsson (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik) ; Göran Andersson
Energy policy (0301-4215). Vol. 38 (2010), 6, p. 2751-2762.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

This study investigates plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) as providers of regulating power in the form of primary, secondary and tertiary frequency control. Previous studies have shown that PHEVs could generate substantial profits while providing ancillary services. This study investigates under what conditions PHEVs can generate revenues using actual market data, i.e. prices and activations of regulating power, from Sweden and Germany from four months in 2008. PHEV market participation is modelled for individual vehicles in a fleet subject to a simulated movement pattern. Costs for infrastructure and vehicle-to-grid equipment are not included in the analysis. The simulation results indicate that maximum average profits generated on the German markets are in the range 30–80 h per vehicle and month whereas the Swedish regulating power markets give no profit. In addition, an analysis is performed to identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) of PHEVs as regulating power providers. Based on the simulation results and the SWOT analysis, characteristics for an ideal regulating power market for PHEVs are presented.

Nyckelord: PHEV, V2G, Regulating power markets

Denna post skapades 2010-04-21. Senast ändrad 2010-06-17.
CPL Pubid: 120185


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