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Actinide incorporation in a zirconia based pyrochlore (Nd(1.8)An(0.2))Zr2O7+x (An = Th, U, Np, Pu, Am)

Catharina Nästrén (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi) ; R. Jardin ; J. Somers ; M. Walter ; B. Brendebach
Journal of Solid State Chemistry (0022-4596). Vol. 182 (2009), 1, p. 1-7.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Actinides (thorium, uranium, neptunium, plutonium, and americium) were infiltrated into a porous Nd1.8Zr2O6.7 matrix, prepared by gel-supported precipitation. (Nd(1.8)An(0.2))Zr2O7+x pyrochlores were formed after sintering in Ar/H-2 and the pyrochlore structure remains during oxidation at 800 degrees C in air. X-ray diffraction reveals a linear relationship between the pyrochlore lattice parameter and the ionic radii of the actinides. EXAFS measurements on actinide L-3-edge show a split shell of nearest neighbour oxygen atoms similar to that Surrounding of Nd. The actinide-oxygen bond distances decrease with the actinide ionic radii, which verifies that these actinides adopt the Nd site in the (Nd(1.8)An(0.2))Zr2O7+x pyrochlore. The oxidation susceptibility of Np is related to the availability of oxygen vacancies and in contrast to stabilised zirconia Np(V) can be obtained in zirconia based pyrochlore. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Nyckelord: Minor actinides, Transmutation, Nuclear waste disposal, Conditioning, Pyrochlore, Zirconia, EXAFS, x-ray-absorption, near-edge structure, stabilized zirconia, crystal-chemistry, nuclear-waste, plutonium, transmutation, uranium, phase, spectroscopy



Denna post skapades 2010-03-01.
CPL Pubid: 116758

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi (2005-2014)

Ämnesområden

Kärnkemi

Chalmers infrastruktur