CPL - Chalmers Publication Library
| Utbildning | Forskning | Styrkeområden | Om Chalmers | In English In English Ej inloggad.

A national landfill methane budget for Sweden based on field measurements, and an evaluation of IPCC models

G. Borjesson ; Jerker Samuelsson (Institutionen för radio- och rymdvetenskap, Optisk fjärranalys) ; J. Chanton ; R. Adolfsson ; Bo Galle (Institutionen för radio- och rymdvetenskap, Optisk fjärranalys) ; B. H. Svensson
Tellus Series B-Chemical and Physical Meteorology (0280-6509). Vol. 61 (2009), 2, p. 424-435.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Seven Swedish landfills were investigated from 2001 to 2003. On each landfill, a measure of the total methane production was calculated from data on: (1) methane emissions (leakage); (2) methane oxidation and (3) from gas recovery. Methane emissions were determined via a tracer gas (N2O) release-based remote sensing method. N2O and CH4 were measured with an Fourier Transform infrared detector at a distance of more than 1 km downwind from the landfills. Methane oxidation in the landfill covers was measured with the stable carbon isotope method. The efficiency in gas recovery systems proved to be highly variable, but on an average, 51% of the produced landfill gas was captured. A first-order decay model, based on four fractions (waste from households and parks, sludges and industrial waste), showed that the use of a degradable organic carbon fraction (DOCf) value of 0.54, in accordance with the default value for DOCf of 0.50 in the latest IPCC model, gave an emission estimate similar to the official national reports.

Nyckelord: atmospheric tracer methods, isotope technique, emissions, oxidation, gas, soil, fluxes



Denna post skapades 2010-02-23. Senast ändrad 2014-09-02.
CPL Pubid: 114185

 

Läs direkt!


Länk till annan sajt (kan kräva inloggning)


Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för radio- och rymdvetenskap, Optisk fjärranalys (2005-2010)

Ämnesområden

Meteorologi och atmosfärforskning

Chalmers infrastruktur