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Pathways for the European electricity supply system to 2050—The role of CCS to meet stringent CO2 reduction targets

Mikael Odenberger (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik) ; Filip Johnsson (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik)
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control (1750-5836). Vol. 4 (2010), 2, p. 327-340.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

This paper investigates the role of CCS technologies as part of a portfolio for reducing CO2 emissions from the European electricity supply system until the year 2050. The analysis is carried out with the aid of a techno-economic model (with the objective to minimize the total system cost) including a detailed description of the present stationary European electricity supply system (power plants) and potential CO2 storage sites as obtained from the Chalmers Energy Infrastructure databases. The ability of different EU Member States and regions to facilitate and to benefit from CCS will most likely depend on local conditions in terms of current energy mix, fuel supply chains and distance to suitable storage locations. Special emphasis is therefore put on analyzing turn-over in capital stock of the existing power plant infrastructure, timing of investments and the infrastructural implications of large scale introduction of CCS on a regional perspective. The paper discusses the role of and the requirements on CCS for meeting strict CO2 emission reduction targets of 85% reduction from power generation by 2050 relative 1990 emissions in three different scenarios. All analysed scenarios apply the same cap on CO2 emissions. The first scenario includes a continued growth in electricity demand (as presented in EU base-line projections). The second scenario includes stated EU targets for 2020 and indicative targets for 2050 with respect to increased energy efficiency, and thus, considers a lower growth in electricity demand compared to the base-line. The third scenario includes EU targets (to 2020 and indicative targets to 2050) on energy efficiency, equal to the second scenario, and EU targets of electricity from renewables. The results show that it is possible for the European electricity generation system to meet an 85% CO2 reduction target by 2050 with a potentially large contribution from CCS. Up to 50% of the electricity generation will come from plants with CCS with a peak capture estimated to 1.8 GtCO2 per year and cumulative CO2 capture of about 39 GtCO2 between 2020 and 2050 (it is assumed that CCS will be commercially available from 2020). As expected, countries which currently have high carbon intensity and which are located nearby suitable storage sites will benefit the most from CCS implementation. Hence, the results suggest that Italy has the largest demand for CCS with annual peak capture at around 0.5 GtCO2 in the base-line scenario. The model results indicate a steep ramp-up of CCS post-2020, which imposes challenges for timely investments in corresponding CCS infrastructure including transportation and storage. A continued growth in electricity demand can lead to demand for CCS to such extent (in the base-line capacity build up is about 300 GW of CCS between 2020 and 2050) that the actual penetration level could be limited by fuelmarkets and power industries’ ability to supply fuel and CCS power plants.

Nyckelord: Europe, CO2 capture, CCS, Power generation



Denna post skapades 2010-02-18. Senast ändrad 2010-04-22.
CPL Pubid: 112893

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik (2005-2017)

Ämnesområden

Övrig annan teknik

Chalmers infrastruktur