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Pázsit, I. och Pozzi, S. (2005) *Gamma Multiplicities in a Multiplying Sample for the Assay of Nuclear Materials*.

** BibTeX **

@article{

Pázsit2005,

author={Pázsit, Imre and Pozzi, Sara A.},

title={Gamma Multiplicities in a Multiplying Sample for the Assay of Nuclear Materials},

journal={Nuclear Instruments and Methods},

issn={0168-9002},

volume={555 A},

issue={1-2},

pages={340-346 },

abstract={The multiplicities, or factorial moments, of the distribution of the number of neutrons emerging from a fissile sample can be used to identify and quantify fissile isotopes, in particular even-N isotopes of transuranic elements. In fact, the spontaneously emitted source neutrons can induce further fissions in the sample, thereby changing the number distributions of the neutrons leaving the sample, and therefore their multiplicities. The multiplicities increase monotonically with sample mass, hence the measurement of the multiplicities can be used to quantify the sample mass.
Analytical expressions for multiplicities that include induced fission effects have been derived for neutrons in the past. These expressions are given as functions of the probability of induced fission per neutron, and have been investigated both by Monte Carlo methods and in experiments using thermal neutron detectors. The object of this paper is to derive analytical formulae for the multiplicities of the gamma photons emitted by both spontaneous and induced fissions, and to perform a quantitative analysis. In addition, neutron and gamma multiplicities are calculated by Monte Carlo simulation using a modified version of the MCNP-PoliMi code. Good agreement is found between the analytical formulae and the Monte Carlo results. The results show the potential advantage of using gamma multiplicities when compared to neutron multiplicities: their higher quantitative values may, in principle, have the effect of leading to a larger sensitivity on the sample mass when compared to the analysis based on neutrons alone. },

year={2005},

keywords={Nuclear safeguards; Material accounting; Multiplicities; Gamma counting; Probability generating functions; Monte Carlo},

}

** RefWorks **

RT Journal Article

SR Electronic

ID 11004

A1 Pázsit, Imre

A1 Pozzi, Sara A.

T1 Gamma Multiplicities in a Multiplying Sample for the Assay of Nuclear Materials

YR 2005

JF Nuclear Instruments and Methods

SN 0168-9002

VO 555 A

IS 1-2

SP 340

OP 346

AB The multiplicities, or factorial moments, of the distribution of the number of neutrons emerging from a fissile sample can be used to identify and quantify fissile isotopes, in particular even-N isotopes of transuranic elements. In fact, the spontaneously emitted source neutrons can induce further fissions in the sample, thereby changing the number distributions of the neutrons leaving the sample, and therefore their multiplicities. The multiplicities increase monotonically with sample mass, hence the measurement of the multiplicities can be used to quantify the sample mass.
Analytical expressions for multiplicities that include induced fission effects have been derived for neutrons in the past. These expressions are given as functions of the probability of induced fission per neutron, and have been investigated both by Monte Carlo methods and in experiments using thermal neutron detectors. The object of this paper is to derive analytical formulae for the multiplicities of the gamma photons emitted by both spontaneous and induced fissions, and to perform a quantitative analysis. In addition, neutron and gamma multiplicities are calculated by Monte Carlo simulation using a modified version of the MCNP-PoliMi code. Good agreement is found between the analytical formulae and the Monte Carlo results. The results show the potential advantage of using gamma multiplicities when compared to neutron multiplicities: their higher quantitative values may, in principle, have the effect of leading to a larger sensitivity on the sample mass when compared to the analysis based on neutrons alone.

LA eng

DO 10.1016/j.nima.2005.09.006

LK http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2005.09.006

OL 30