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Parameterization of Acoustic Signatures in Ultrasound Images for the Detection of Human Presence by Autonomous Vehicles

Marco Moebus ; A.M. Zoubir ; Mats Viberg (Institutionen för signaler och system, Signalbehandling)
Proceedings of ICASSP 2010 (2010)
[Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat]

We address the problem of human detection for autonomous vehicles. Instead of using an optical system, we propose to employ an acoustic 2D array to reliably obtain an image of a human in a 3D spatial power spectrum which is independent of lighting conditions and uses cheap ultrasound sensors. We show that humans have a distinct acoustic signature and propose to model the echoes from reflecting parts of objects in the scene by a Gaussian-Mixture-Model. When the model is fitted to the acoustic image, it is straightforward to obtain geometric relations between the present echoes and represent the acoustic signatures in a low-dimensional parameter space. We present results based on real data measurements that demonstrate that different objects can be reconstructed from the data and discriminated. The obtained parameter space can then be the basis for subsequent detection and classification of humans.

Nyckelord: Ultrasound, Image Analysis, Gaussian-Mixture, Signal Modeling, Array Processing

Dallas, TX, March 2010.

Denna post skapades 2010-01-19. Senast ändrad 2014-09-02.
CPL Pubid: 108820


Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för signaler och system, Signalbehandling (1900-2017)


Övrig elektroteknik, elektronik och fotonik

Chalmers infrastruktur