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Comparing mono- and divalent DNA groove binding cyanine dyes--Binding geometries, dissociation rates, and fluorescence properties

Maja Eriksson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik) ; Fredrik Westerlund (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik) ; Merima Mehmedovic (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik) ; Per Lincoln (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik) ; Gunnar Westman (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik) ; Anette Larsson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Farmaceutisk teknologi) ; Björn Åkerman (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik)
Biophysical Chemistry (0301-4622). Vol. 122 (2006), 3, p. 195-205.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

The unsymmetrical cyanine dyes BOXTO-PRO and BOXTO-MEE were derived from the DNA groove binder BOXTO, by adding a positively charged or a non-ionic hydrophilic tail to BOXTO, respectively. The main objective was to obtain more efficient DNA probes, for instance in electrophoresis and microscopy, by slowing down the dissociation of BOXTO from DNA. The interactions with mixed sequence DNA was studied with fluorescence and absorbance spectroscopy, stopped-flow dissociation and gel electrophoresis. Both the derivatives are groove bound as BOXTO, and have similar fluorescence properties when bound to mixed sequence DNA in free solution. BOXTO-PRO exhibits a slower dissociation than BOXTO from DNA, whereas the dissociation rate for BOXTO-MEE is faster and, unexpectedly independent of the ionic strength. During gel electrophoresis both BOXTO-PRO and BOXTO-MEE exhibit a faster dissociation rate than BOXTO. Still, BOXTO-PRO seems to be a good alternative as DNA probe, especially for applications in free solution where the dissociation is slower than for the corresponding intercalator TOPRO-1.

Nyckelord: Cyanine dyes, Groove binding to mixed sequence DNA, Dissociation kinetics, Spectroscopy, Gel electrophoresis

Denna post skapades 2010-01-14. Senast ändrad 2016-02-01.
CPL Pubid: 107618


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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik (2005-2014)
Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Farmaceutisk teknologi (2005-2014)


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